Format text

Formatting stories on Medium is super simple—just select the text you want to format and choose the relevant option from the toolbar. Below you'll find all the formatting options offered by the editor on your platform.


Simple formatting



Select the text you want to format to open the text toolbar and click the B button to apply the formatting.


Select the text you want to format to open the text toolbar and click the button to apply the formatting.


To create a hyperlink in your post, select the text you want to convert into a link to open the text toolbar, click on the chain icon 🔗 in the toolbar to hyperlink the selected text, paste or type in a link (e.g.,, and press Enter.

Titles, subtitles, headers, and subheaders

The "T" icons are used for formatting titles, subtitles, headers, and subheaders, depending on where the text is in the story.

Select the text and click the large or small T icon from the pop-up menu. Click it again to remove formatting. After publishing, your author information will appear below the title/subtitle (if you have them).

  • Title: Only the first line of the story is considered the title. Select the text and click the large "T" icon to format the title. It can be any length, and is bound by hitting "return" on your keyboard.
  • Subtitle: Writing directly below the title is considered the subtitle. Select the text and click the small "T" icon to format the subtitle. It can be any length, and is bound by hitting "return" on your keyboard.
  • Headers: To set a header, select any text that isn't the title or subtitle and click the large "T" icon.
  • Subheaders: To set a subheader, select any text that isn't the title or subtitle and click the small "T" icon.


Click the " (quotation mark) icon from pop-up menu. To use a large or pull-out quote style, select the text and click " icon twice from pop-up menu. You can also remove quote formatting by selecting the text and clicking the " icon until text returns to default.


To add an emoji to your post, type in a colon, followed by the name of your favorite emoji.

Tip! Check out the emoji cheat sheet to find the names of all the supported emoji.


To mention another Medium user in a post, type the @ symbol and then the name or username of the person you want to mention. Click their name from the drop-menu and their name will be added in green text. Any mentioned users will be notified in-product and by email (if applicable) when the post is published.


Currently Medium supports superscript for numbers only. To output a number, such as: 6⁷ or title⁸, type in: 6^7 or title^8.


Simple bulleted and numbered lists in posts are also supported on Medium.

  • To begin a bulleted list, go to a new line, type in * (asterisk), and press Space.
  • To begin a numbered list, go to a new line, type in 1. (numeral one, period), and press Space.

For either type, pressing Enter at the end of a line will begin another item. Press Enter again to escape list formatting.

Note: Numbered lists cannot be continued after a section break, or between images.

Code blocks & inline code

To begin a code block, go to a new line and type ``` (triple backtick).


For inline code in a paragraph, type a single backtick ` to begin and end your code. Or highlight some text and press the backtick key.

Note: Code blocks do not support syntax highlighting. To embed code with syntax highlighting on Medium, try using Github Gists,, or JSfiddle embeds. To do this, paste your snippet URL from one of those sources to a new line in the editor and press Enter. You can learn more about embeds here.

Drop caps

To add drop caps, select a paragraph and click on the drop caps icon in the menu bar that pops up.


About custom drop caps

You can also upload a custom image drop cap instead. Here's how:

  1. Follow the steps above.
  2. Click on the drop cap letter itself until a green border appears.
  3. From your desktop, drag the custom image file you'd like to use in place of your drop cap directly onto the green box.
  4. Your custom image will now appear in its place.

TK reminders

TK is a publishing abbreviation used as a placeholder in editing to mark information not yet included in a document, which is "to come."

To leave yourself a reminder, simply type TK  anywhere in the body of your post. A reminder in yellow will appear left margin.

Keyboard shortcuts

These handy keyboard shortcuts will let you format your posts like a pro.

Supported keyboard shortcuts
Feature macOS Windows
Shortcuts help ⌘ + ? Ctrl + ?
Bold ⌘ + B Ctrl + B
Italic ⌘ + i Ctrl + i
Link ⌘ + K Ctrl + K
Header ⌘ + Alt + 1 Ctrl + Alt + 1
Subheader ⌘ + Alt + 2 Ctrl + Alt + 2
Quote ⌘ + Alt + 5 Ctrl + Alt + 5
Bulleted list * + Space * + Space
Numbered list 1. + Space 1. + Space
Mention a user @username or @name @username or @name
Separator ⌘ + Enter Ctrl + Enter
Code block ⌘ + Alt + 6 or ``` Ctrl + Alt + 6 or ```
Inline code ` `
Featured image Shift + F Shift + F
Focal point Opt + Click Alt + Click

Note: Keyboard shortcuts are supported only on desktop.

Common questions

How can I make a single-spaced line break?

To make a single-spaced line break (as in poetry) go the end of your line and press Shift + Enter at the same time. This is available only on desktop.

How can I add a footnote?
Footnotes are not supported on Medium, but you can still use superscript and manually add your footnotes at the bottom of your post.
How can I write math on Medium?
Medium does not natively support writing mathematic expressions, but one of our users has put together a guide on using Unicode characters for maths on Medium.
Was this article helpful?
Have more questions? Submit a request